TABLE 1

Thoracic aortic aneurysm: Risk factors, associations, and causes

Risk factors
Older age
Male sex
Hypertension
Smoking
Hypercholesterolemia
Weight-lifting
Cocaine use
Trauma
Cardiovascular associations
Atherosclerosis
Bicuspid aortic valve
Other aneurysm
Prior aortic dissection
Aortic coarctation
Genetic causes
Familial thoracic aortic aneurysm
Marfan syndrome
Loeys-Dietz syndrome
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
Turner syndrome
Autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease
Shprintzen-Goldberg (craniosynostosis) syndrome
Inflammatory causes
Takayasu arteritis
Giant-cell arteritis
Beh├žet arteritis
Ankylosing spondylitis
Infective causes
Mycotic aortitis
Syphilis
Idiopathic