TABLE 3

The ICU Liberation Bundle (A–F)

  1. Assessment, prevention, and management of pain

  2. Both spontaneous breathing trials and spontaneous awakening trials

  3. Choice of analgesia and sedation

  4. Delirium: assessment, prevention, and management

  5. Early mobilization and exercise

  6. Family engagement and empowerment

  • Adapted from information in references 27, 28, and 48.