TABLE 1

Screening recommendations and laboratory testing for common sexually transmitted infections

OrganismDiseaseScreening recommendationsOptimal testing methodSpecimen types
Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatisFemales: cervicitis
Males: urethritis
Females ≤ 25 years old, annually
Men who have sex with men; consider in young males in high-prevalence areas, annually
Nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT)Females: vaginal or endocervical swab, first-void urine
Males: urethral, rectal, or throat swab; first-void urine
Mycoplasma genitaliumFemales: cervicitis
Males: urethritis
Routine screening not recommendedNAATFemales: vaginal or endocervical swab, first-void urine
Males: first-void urine
Trichomonas vaginalisFemales: vaginitis
Males: urethritis, epididymitis, prostatitis
Routine screening not recommended; but women with human immunodeficiency virus infection should be screened annuallyNAATFemales: vaginal or urine swab, first-void urine
Males: first-void urine
  • Adapted from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, reference 12.